Kinesiotaping is a method developed by a Japanese scientist in the middle of 70s.
The method gained popularity in 1988 during the Olympic Games in Seoul (South Korea). In Europe the method became popular in year 2000 and it is now a hit in Western Europe. It has been applied in our country for 2 years.
Kinesiotaping improves the work of tired muscles, regardless of which part of the body they are located in, providing stability for traumatized joints as a consequence of spraining. This method eases the functioning of overstretched tendons, joints in acute or chronic joint instability are fixed, oedema in the traumatized area is reduced, lymphatic drainage is improved.
Colourful tapes, created entirely from natural material and not causing allergic skin reactions are used. The kinesiotape has elastic properties, similar to the elasticity of the human skin, it is waterproof and can be kept from 3 to 10 days on the skin, depending on the activity of the patient. Kinesiotaping is definitely useful and can be used for correction of fascia, improving drainage of lymph, lifting the skin, stimulation of the pressure on the tendons and ligaments, restriction or support of movement.
Kinesiotapes provide freedom of movement to the patient and do not unstick after wetting. Since their surface is permeable, analgesic gels can be applied to them, freely penetrating the skin. Tapes are different in colour, they are made of 100% cotton fabric and can be stretched to 140% in length. Their thickness is close to that of human skin - 0,1 mm. They are covered with a polyurethane layer, which makes them waterproof. The adhesive, which they are adhered to the skin with, is activated by the body temperature and is antiallergic.
The skin is stretched before placing the tapes! This is done so that the tape doesn't wrinkle after the normal position of the joint or other body part is restored. By fixing the skin as it is wrinkled we are lifting it from the subcutaneous area, thus facilitating the flow of blood and lymph in the area.
For example, if we have a trauma microcirculation in this area is impaired, however, by placing the kinesiotape, we accelerate microcirculation, i.e. the faster movement of blood and lymph. By strengthening metabolic processes in the area of the trauma, we stimulate the relevant tissues, so that they recover faster. The way we place the tape largely determines the effect, which will be achieved. In some cases we can improve the function of a muscle, and other - reduce the muscle tone.
I, Y, X-shaped and fan-shaped tapes are used depending on the area we are going to place them. "I" tape is standard and because of its large size it provides the greatest strength and mechanical correction of a tendon or muscle. The one with the shape of the letter "Y" can be placed on biceps or on identical muscles on both sides of the spine. The "X"-tape is used for more specific muscle groups or areas. Fan-shaped tapes play a crucial role because they are applied in case of blood or lymphatic circulation problems, for oedema of the tissues, such as in case of a sprained ankle or postoperative oedema.
The fan covers the area and very rapidly reduces the swelling by reducing the recovery period by 30-50%. Thus instead of in 10 days the haematoma can disappear in 5 to 7 days. This is very important in the recovery of athletes, who are preparing for a competition and every day is important to them. Athletes with various kinds of tapes on the limbs can often be seen while watching a sporting event or a football match. These tapes stimulate the functioning of the muscles, i.e. help them and are not considered doping!
It is very important for trauma not to leave the area immobilized for a long period of time, unless there is a fracture. In case of microtrauma collagen, elastin and fibrin grow and "glue" the tissues in the area. Thus it becomes more rigid, more susceptible to repeated trauma and dysfunctional. Adhesion of tissues is perfectly prevented with kinesiotaping. If we also consider the correct movement, recovery takes place much faster.
The following conditions respond well to kinesiotaping methods:
- Pain and stiffness in the shoulder girdle and the collarbone
- Pain and stiffness in the back and waist; during pregnancy
- Tendinitis, tendinosis
- Consequences from trauma of the joints
- Strains, sprains, dislocations
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Spondylitis, spondylosis, spondiloarthrosis
- Joint slackness
- Frozen shoulder
- Post-traumatic oedema
- Meniscal problems
- Isshiaz, lumbago
- Scoliosis, etc.
This is just a short list of conditions, which respond well to kinesiotapes. The method can be applied for almost all kinds of diseases (in one stage of their occurrence or another or as prophylaxis), there are no age contraindications and side effects when used properly. The method's application takes place gradually and imperceptibly from treatment to prophylaxis and general strengthening.